Small Groups: From Worship to Discipleship
This resource is meant to be used in connection with the worship resources for the Season of Pentecost – “Prophet Margins.” Each session uses the same Scriptures and themes as the previous Sunday’s worship service. The preferred pattern is for participants to experience the worship service first, followed by group study during the week that follows.
The subtitle, “From Worship to Discipleship,” is intentional. By deliberately connecting the themes and Scripture from corporate worship to the small-group experience, participants will be more fully formed into disciples of Jesus Christ. People learn best when they are in conversations with others.
The role of the group leader is not to be the “answer” person or the person with the most biblical knowledge. Instead of providing the “right answer,” a good facilitator helps the group members ask the right questions. Facilitators should familiarize themselves with the format, questions, possible answers, and background information ahead of time.
Other group dynamics to consider:
- Group size should consist of six to eight people. If there are more than eight participants, consider adding more time for the group to meet and/or more groups. Each person added to the group will create more relationship dynamics to be managed; each person might not have enough time to share.
- If the group is larger than eight participants, it is advised to split into even smaller groups within the group as needed so that all participants get a chance to talk. This will also keep one or two voices from dominating the discussion.
- It is highly advisable to use a group covenant to provide expectations of participants’ roles and manner of speech. Specific items to include should be confidentiality and speaking only for oneself. Another idea to foster dialogue is the “three-before-me” rule. That rule states that participants must wait until at least three other participants have spoken before they can speak again. For examples, see Sample Guidelines.
- A proper learning environment can often be judged by whether all participants are willing to risk sharing their perspectives, no matter how popular or unpopular.
- If your group meets in a church building, be sure the chairs are soft and the group is set up in a circle. Use tables for food only. If participants meet in a home, make sure there are plenty of seating areas and be sure to limit distractions, such as pets. If your group is meeting in a coffee shop or restaurant, be sure the space will be comfortable and quiet enough for conversation.
Introduction to the Format
There is a pattern for each week. The times are suggestions and are loosely based on an hour timeframe. The times should be modified, as needed. Each session will consist of the following elements:
Fellowship – Snacks or a Meal (10 minutes with snacks; longer, obviously, if there is a meal)
Gathering Time (5-10 minutes). Each session will begin with an opening question to foster dialogue and help the participants settle in to the theme for the week. These questions are meant to be done in micro groups of two or three people.
Group Dialogue (Approximately 30 minutes). This guide does not include a lot of questions. The intent is for group dialogue and not merely giving the correct answer. Opening questions transition the gathering time into the dialogues, as the total group centers on the themes and Scripture for the week. During the dialogue sections, you will see guidance and possible answers to the given questions with brackets [ ]. These are only possible answers and are not meant to be exhaustive of other answers. Questions that begin with (R) are meant to be more reflective. This will mean more time should be spent on these questions relative to others and will often result in participants needing more time to process. It is a helpful practice to allow participants plenty of time to process these questions internally. Don’t be afraid of silence.
Prayer (10 minutes). Allow each participant who would like to do so to lift up a person or situation he or she would like the group to be in prayer over. Following each request, the leader will pray, “Lord, in your mercy…,” and the participants will respond, “Hear our prayers.” If the situation is warranted and if the participant is willing, surround the participant and lay hands on him/her and allow those who are willing to do so to pray for this person and/or situation.
Sending Forth (2 minutes). Ask for a volunteer to send the group out with the printed blessing; or read the prayer in unison.
Week 1 — Wash and Be Clean
Fellowship – Snacks or a Meal (10 minutes with snacks; longer, obviously, if there is a meal).
Gathering Time (5-10 minutes). In pairs or groups of three, tell a story of when you were impacted by a person whom you did not expect to be impacted by.
Group Dialogue (Approximately 30 minutes). Read 2 Kings 5:1-14.
- With whom do you identify the most in this passage?
- The young girl who knew the right person for the job?
- Naaman, the commander of the army?
- The King of Aram with the resources?
- King of Israel, quick to assign a motive?
- Elisha, trusting in God’s power to heal>
- Naaman’s servant, encouraging him to go through the process?
- What might it say about God, that this story is about the healing of a Syrian commander (thus not an Israelite)? [God cares for and is active beyond the Israelite border.]
- Why do you think Elisha emphasized the fact that there was a prophet in Israel (v. 8)?
- Why might Elisha’s simple act of ritual washing (seven times) make Naaman angry? [Seemed beneath him. He probably expected the prophet to acknowledge his status by greeting him appropriately and directly offering means of healing.]
- Why do you think that Naaman was able to heed the “young” servant’s advice? How might the young servant parallel the young woman who tells of Elisha? [Both young persons, who are not named, represent further those beneath Naaman in status.]
- How might Elisha’s invitation and the advice from the young man require Naaman to do something beneath him? [It is an invitation to trust and be obedient to a foreign power; and it’s an act that would make him look foolish.]
- What does verse 15 reveal about God? About Naaman?
- (R) Why might prophets often invite people toward humility as an act of repentance?
Prayer (10 minutes). Share prayer requests and respond appropriately.
Sending Forth (2 minutes). Ask for a volunteer to lead the group or read the following prayer in unison:
God of the prophets, we give you thanks for those who have challenged and inspired the people of God. Give us the ears to hear the prophets of today. Help us to hear and respond to the call of humility and obedience. Amen.