#16. Will you recommend fasting or abstinence, both by precept and example?
#17. Are you determined to employ all your time in the work of God?
#18. Are you in debt so as to embarrass you in your work?
These three questions conclude our exploration of the "Historic Examination" questions asked of all candidates for full membership in the annual conference as elders and deacons. The purpose of this exploration is to learn about the essential characteristics of Wesleyan leadership. One question that I raise every time I look at this "historic examination" is, "Why do we reserve these questions for clergy when they were originally designed for all persons, lay and clergy, accepting leadership responsibility in the Methodist movement?"
Perhaps one answer is that when American Methodism became a Church in 1784,we began the shift from movement to institution. With the transition toward institution came the professionalization of ministry that led to the expectation that only the "professional ministers" are qualified to answer these historic qualifications for leadership.
This thinking has resulted in the current context once described by the Puerto Rican pastor and theologian Orlando Costas, as "a clergy-dominated church and a laity-dominated clergy, preaching a gospel without demands and making demands without gospel." It also led to the shift from the original mission "to reform the nation, particularly the church, and to spread Scriptural holiness over the land" to the current eclipse of that mission in favor of institutional preservation.
Wesleyan leadership is essentially missional in character. Its beginning and end is the person, work, and mission of God revealed in the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. This is why the very first question in the historic examination is "Have you faith in Christ?" All of the subsequent questions make sense only when they are set in the context of a living faith in Jesus Christ. By faith, of course, I mean much more than mere belief or assent to the existence and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. By faith, I mean belief that is lived in relationship with the crucified and risen Lord of Life who is very much alive and active in the world. Faith, therefore, is what those who believe in the risen Christ do to join him in his mission of preparing this world for the world that is coming -- the reign of God on earth as it is in heaven.
One thing questions 16, 17, and 18 have in common is the freedom Christ gives when we "repent and believe in the good news" of the reign of God that is breaking into this world now and is coming (Mark 1:15). These questions remind us that "to know Christ is eternal life and to serve Christ is perfect freedom." Because we are free in Christ, we are able to fast, to devote ourselves completely to the work of God, and resist the slavery of indebtedness. Christ gives the grace needed to live into the freedom from self-centeredness and freedom to love God with all our heart, and with all our soul, and with all our mind, and with all our strength -- and to love those whom God loves, as God loves them.
These three questions tell us that Christian discipleship encompasses all of life: heart, soul, mind, and body. Christ calls us to give our whole selves to him and to his mission. He will not be satisfied with belief in his existence or affirmation of his teachings. He will never be satisfied until we surrender our whole self to him. When we give ourselves, spirit, mind, and body, to him he is able to fill us with the grace we need to join him in his mission of redeeming this world and preparing it for the coming reign of God.
Questions for discussion and reflection:
1. How do you teach and practice fasting and abstinence?
2. Why is fasting such a powerful means of grace?
3. How do you devote all of your time to the work of God?
4. What is the "work of God"? How do you participate in that work?
5. How does your congregation devote all of its time to the "work of God"?
6. We live in a culture and economy that is built upon debt. How do you live within your means and resist the temptation to take on more debt than you can manage?
7. How does your congregation help its members to live within their means and to resist the temptation to take on debt?
8. Do you agree that "to know Christ is eternal life and to serve Christ is perfect freedom"? Why? Why not?
Please post your comments at the Wesleyan Leadership blog:http://wesleyanleadership.wordpress.com/
Steven W. Manskar is the Director of Wesleyan Leadership for the Discipleship Ministries.
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Covenant Discipleship: Christian Formation through Mutual Accountability
David Lowes Watson has updated the original handbook for covenant discipleship groups. This new version should prove valuable in leading existing groups to a deeper level of discipleship, and newcomers to a fresh discovery of the best of the Methodist tradition.
Available fromWipf & Stock Publishers for $17.60.
Accountable Discipleship: Living in God's Household
This book focuses on pastoral leadership in the Wesleyan tradition. Those who read and study this book will be invited to discover their own ministry as pastoral leaders.
Available fromCokesbury for $12.00.
A Perfect Love: Understanding John Wesley's A Plain Account of Christian Perfection
What makes this version unique is that the author has edited Wesley's text and updated his language for the contemporary reader.
Available fromCokesbury for $11.20.
Mainline or Methodist: Rediscovering Our Evangelistic Mission
Trying to be both mainline and Methodist is a deadly combination. In fact, it's a leading cause for the denomination's spiritual and numerical decline.
Available fromCokesbury for $10.40.
A Blueprint for Discipleship
This approach builds on the foundation of the General Rules and the practice of "watching over one another in love" through small-group accountability.
Available fromCokesbury for $12.00.
Longing for Spring: A New Vision for Wesleyan Community
by Elaine Heath and Scott Kisker
Delving into the widespread, contemporary longing for a more serious and communal experience of Christianity, this book provides important theoretical underpinnings and casts a vision for a new monasticism within the Wesleyan tradition.
Available from http://wipfandstock.com.
Roxburgh Missional Network:
The United Methodist Way
This 20-minute Flash presentation shows how following John Wesley's rules in both doctrine and practice leads to transformed lives and a transformed world. (http://www.kintera.org/site/apps/nlnet/content3.aspx?c=nhLRJ2PMKsG&b=5769029&ct=7941769)
Also available as a download for use in your church
John Wesley's Sermons
Duke Center for Studies in the Wesleyan Tradition
Methodist Review: A Journal of Wesleyan and Methodist Studies
Register now for
Rethinking Worship & Song
February 28-March 3, 2011
A national event to introduce Worship & Song, a new collection of song and worship resources.
Put these dates on your 2011 calendar:
Wesleyan Leadership Conference: "A New Vision for Wesleyan Community" with Dr. Elaine Heath
October 13-15, 2011
November 7-17, 2011